Try to prepare cosmetics by yourself; This is how to make a homemade lotion
Try to prepare cosmetics by yourself; This is how to make a homemade lotion
You may want to try making lotions as close as possible to those available in stores. Industrial creams are usually water/oil mixtures meaning emulsions. It is easy to prepare an emulsion by yourself. It is very simple and quick to make.
Many industrial creams contain a countless number of raw materials of which exact skin and environmental effects are uncertain. Nowadays, most creams also contain plastic. We should avoid the use of plastic as much as possible. The plastic in cosmetics finds its way to waters and to the food chain. Unfortunately, we all eat some plastic already.
No micro plastic
There are no plastic particles at all in certified natural cosmetics (like ECOCERT). Other ingredients in natural cosmetics are also very carefully selected. Natural cosmetics contain only the natural and environmentally friendly ingredients.
It is very difficult to find any basic creams in natural cosmetic series. That’s why I always make basic creams myself. They are easy and inexpensive to make.
Although this blog is dedicated to the ingredients of home-made cosmetics, I want to remind you about some basic things when preparing cosmetics by ourselves. How to make an emulsion is one of them and perhaps the most feared. However, there is nothing to be afraid of when making an emulsion. It is no rocket science.
After reading this story, you will no longer buy industrial lotions from the store. It’s so nice and easy to make them by yourself. This is how to make a home-made emulsion cream.
Why the emulsion is feared
There is no point in worrying because making an emulsion using modern ingredients is now safe and easy.
What could possibly go wrong when making an emulsion?
The emulsion breaks down
This is unlikely to happen. If you only make an emulsion using water and oil, it will not decompose by itself. The emulsion will only disintegrate if too much strong essential oils, clay, magnesium and/or other ingredients are added.
The emulsion never solidifies
Yes, the emulsion solidifies very quickly. The ointment base may look very liquid while still hot. After cooling, the cream solidifies well. It may become too solid easily.
The emulsion requires mixing for hours before it solidifies
This is how I have been taught long time ago. Nowadays, modern emulsifiers are easy to use, quick and do not require long mixing times.
Many pots, bowls and thermometers are needed
If you use the two-pot method, you need 2 pots and 2 bowls. In the one-pot method, you only need one pot and one bowl.
A certain temperature is required before the emulsion takes place
The temperature must be high enough for dissolving of emulsifier and all waxy ingredients. This usually happens at 60-70 degrees Celsius (140 – 158 Fahrenheit). The emulsion is formed as soon as the emulsifier is dissolved in the oil.
A lot of special equipment is needed to make the cream
For the preparation of a emulsion cream, you can use all the same equipment as for anhydrous (water free) ointments.
What the equipment I need to make a lotion?
You will get along well with a few simple tools. You do not need any fine scales, thermometers or mixers. Your kitchen is most probably well enough equipped and there is everything you need. As I told you, the same utensils are used for making anhydrous ointments and lip balms.
List of supplies for making ointment
- Steel bowl that fits in a pot
- Wooden clothespins or wooden chopsticks to adapt pot/steel bowl if necessary
- Kitchen cubic measure set starting from 5ml (0,17 us fl oz). The set of 5 is a very good tool, but even with small spoons you will survive. The small spoon is usually about 5ml.
- Small rubber spatula
- Small, clean glass jars. You can also store creams in baby food jars or other used glass jars. You can also buy new fine cream bottles online if you wish (I prefer recycled items myself).
- Sticker labels to the jars
The supplies list is easy, isn’t it.
Usually everything you need you can easily find in your own home. If your scale is not accurate enough, use cubic measurements. The easiest measure of cubic is a small spoon. If you want to make a big bottle of body lotion then you may need to measure a decilitre. Suitable amount to make cream is only 60ml. The small spoon is then the right measure.
This is how to make a homemade cream. Basic ingredients of a cream
This time we are doing a basic version of the emulsion cream. I really want you to learn the secrets of making an emulsion cream at once. You can later learn about the various raw materials you can use on this blog and on the web.
What is needed to make the cream
Here really was all that was needed to get the ointment together.
You can use distilled water, water purified by reverse osmosis, or boiled tap water. I usually use reverse osmosis purified water because I happen to have a reverse osmosis device at my disposal. Another very good option is to use boiled tap water. I use it every time I don’t get purified water.
You can use almost any oil you like. However, I recommend starting with some cheaper oil. For example, sunflower oil is very good and suitable for most skin types. The incredible properties of sunflower oil have been told earlier in this blog. Another good oil is safflower oil. In the past, safflower oil was widely available at all supermarkets, but nowadays it must be ordered online. Safflower oil is well absorbed by the skin and is a very neutral and well tolerated oil.
You can also use herb oil added to a base oil. You can also replace part of the base oil with herbal oil.
In this post, I will not go deeper into the mysterious world of emulsifiers. I’ll recommend just one proven emulsifier that suits well, OliveM 1000 (Cetearyl Olivate and Sorbithan Olivate).
Olivem 1000 is a highly balanced emulsifier. It is suits well for most ointments. OliveM 1000 is made from olive oil. It is skin friendly and also very eco-friendly. It is also PEG-free and Ecocert certified. Olivem 1000 meets the requirements of natural cosmetics.
The Olivem 1000 is very easy to use. It is sold in the form of waxy small chips which are melted in oil in a bowl heated by hot water.
Basic recipe for cream
Here is a basic recipe for making a cream. This emulsion is oil suspended in aqueous phase (o/w) meaning the basic liquid is water and smaller amount of oil is added. You are free to select different oils as long as they are liquid. As an alternative to pure water, you can use partly herbal extracts in addition to the water. You have to be very careful when using essential oils and/or hydrolats. If you want to use them, just add only few drops because they may break the structure of the emulsion.
You need these
- 100 ml (3.3814 us fl oz) of water or liquid herbal poultice
- 20 ml (0,6763 us fl oz) of sunflower oil
- 2 teaspoons Olivem 1000 emulsifiers
The process of making the cream
Get all the necessary materials and supplies on the kitchen desk.
Place the kettle on a plate and add just enough water in it so that the bottom of the bowl placed on top of the kettle does not touch the water surface.
If you have a bowl so small that it falls into the pot, you can use clothespins or chopsticks to make it fit. Place three to four chopsticks crosswise in a pot and set the bowl to swing over the chopsticks. Fitting with clothespins can be done by attaching clothespins to the sides of the pot to minimize the diameter of the pot. Use only wooden clothespins because any plastics will melt in this operation.
- Measure all ingredients in a bowl
- Lift the bowl over the pot and turn the heat on.
- Mix occasionally to see how the melting progresses
- Do not allow heated water to boil
- Once the whole mass has melted, leave the ointment bowl on the water for about 20-30 minutes. The water should bubble but not boil. This action kills all harmful bacteria and helps the cream to be preserved longer.
- Whisk the cream, but be careful not to whip too much air into the cream. The air reduces the durability of the cream.
- Remove bowl from the pot and let it cool down
Use the rubber spatula to pack the cream into small glass jars and label them. Write the name of the ointment, all the ingredients and the date when the ointment was made on the label. In the beginning I made a mistake when I did not label my products. Afterwards, it is very difficult to say what the jar contains and when the product was made. With a lot of different creams, labelling is a must.
Now you have the ready-made emulsion cream
This cream does not contain any preservatives. Therefore, you should keep it in the refrigerator. The ointment will remain usable for about a week or two, especially if picked up with a spatula or other clean device.
You can use the cream as it is. This basic cream applies to the whole body, including the face and around the eyes. You do not need to add any active ingredients to it. Many people use essential oils as a fragrance. If you want to add them please be very careful. 5 drops are often the right amount for this quantity of cream. If you add essential oils to the cream, stop using it on the skin around the eyes.
These instructions are the basic instructions for preparing the cream.
You would probably like to add more active ingredients in the cream. It’s easy to add the ingredients you want to the basic emulsion cream.
How to make day cream and night cream?
How to Make an Anti-Aging Ointment or Ointment for Young People?
You will find the answers to all these questions and many more as you follow my blog. I will tell you more about the active ingredients of the creams in the following posts.
Are you excited to try the cream? Please share your experience!